Apparently, the history we have lived in recent decades, could have been very different if some characters popularly considered "heroes" would have gotten away with it.
Many people have heard with admiration of famous people of the Second World War, such as Winston Churchill (British Prime Minister and one of the historical personages most admired by the former Spanish President Jose Maria Aznar).
What few people know it is that Churchill was one of the most sinister of the twentieth century and was about to provoke a nuclear slaughter of unimaginable proportions.
Just weeks after the end of World War II and Nazi Germany had been defeated, the allies of the Soviet Union, the United States and Britain, were quick to develop military plans to completely destroy the USSR and raze their cities with a massive nuclear attack.
Interestingly, the then British Prime Minister Winston Churchill ordered the Joint Chiefs of the British Forces, develop a targeted attack on the Soviet Union before the end of World War II strategy.
The first edition of the plan was prepared on 22 May 1945. According to the plan, the invasion of the European part of Russia controlled by the allied forces, was to begin on July 1, 1945.
The plan, called Operation Unthinkable (Operation Unthinkable), argued that his main goal was "to impose on Russia the will of the United States and the British Empire. Although 'the will' of these two countries could be defined as no more than a fair deal for Poland. "
The Joint Chiefs of the British Forces, concluded that the allied forces would win the showdown if:
1) occupy the metropolitan areas of Russia in order to ensure that the productive capacity of the country to the point of intervention reduced their resistance impossible convert
2) The decisive defeat of Russian forces in the battlefield will make it impossible to continue the war USSR.
British generals Churchill warned that "total war" would be "dangerous" for the Allied armed forces. (A fine way to tell who were unable to defeat the Russians)
However, after the United States "prove" its nuclear arsenal in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, Churchill and the most right-wing American politicians began to try to persuade the White House to bomb the USSR.
Churchill insisted that a nuclear attack on the Soviet Union, exhausted by the bloody war against Germany, would have led to the defeat of the Kremlin, while avoiding the allied forces to avoid a huge number of British and American military casualties.
Needless to say, the admired by many former British Prime Minister, did not mind at all the deaths of tens of thousands of Russians peaceful civilians already badly hit by the nightmare of a terrible war for four years.
"Churchill said that if an atomic bomb could be dropped on the Kremlin, erasing the map, then it would be very easy to handle Russia, which suddenly find directionless" holds a declassified FBI note.
IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF CHURCHILL: THE OPERATION Dropshot
By that may seem unthinkable, Churchill plan literally the hearts and minds of many American politicians and military officers earned.
Between 1945 and the first detonation of a nuclear device in 1949 by the Soviet Union, the Pentagon developed at least nine nuclear war plans directed against Soviet Russia, according to US researchers Michio Kaku and Daniel Axelrod.
In his book "Winning a nuclear war plans secret Pentagon war" based on documents high declassified secret obtained through the Freedom of Information, the researchers exposed the strategies of the US military to start a war Nuclear against Russia.
"The names given to these plans graphically depict their offensive purpose :. Bushwhacker, Broiler, Arden, Shakedown, Offtackle, Dropshot, Trojan, Pincher, and Frolic (Guerrilla, barbeque, burn, Bullying, Approach, Fling, Trojan, Pinch, Mischief). Apparently, the United States Army was well aware of the offensive nature of the work that President Truman had ordered them to prepare and strove to name their war plans accordingly, "says American professor JW Smith.
These plans "first strike" developed by the Pentagon were intended to completely destroy the USSR without any harm to the United States.
"The 1949 Dropshot plan foresaw the US Soviet Russia attacked and thrown at least 300 nuclear bombs and 20,000 tons of conventional bombs on targets located at 100 200 urban areas, including Moscow and Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). In addition, planners offered to begin a ground campaign against the USSR for a "complete victory" over the Soviet Union along with the European allies. According to the plan of Washington, the war would begin on January 1, 1957 "
For a long time, the only obstacle on the way to start this massive nuclear attack was that the Pentagon did not have sufficient atomic bombs (at 1948 Washington boasted of possessing an arsenal of 50 bombs), or dispose of aircraft to carry out the attack. For example, in 1948 the US Air Force had only thirty-two B-29 bombers modified to throw nuclear bombs.
In September 1948, US President Harry S. Truman approved a document from the National Security Council (NSC 30) on "The Politics of Nuclear War," which declared that the United States should be prepared to "promptly and effectively use all appropriate means available, including nuclear weapons in national security interest d ela and should plan accordingly. "
In those moments, the Americans desperately needed general information about the location of Soviet military centers and industrial centers.
The US launched thousands of flights flying over Russia and photographing Soviet territory, sparking concerns about a potential Soviet invasion of Western between Kremlin officials. That only served to force the Soviets to hurry to strengthen its defensive capabilities, while the military and political leaders of the West just used that military rapid growth of his rival as justification for building more weapons.
Meanwhile, in order to support their offensive plans, Washington sent its B-29 bombers to Europe for the first Berlin crisis in 1948.
In 1949, NATO was created, the Organization of the North Atlantic Treaty, led by the United States, six years before the USSR and its Eastern European allies responded defensively to establish the Warsaw Pact, called Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance.
Just before the Soviet Union proved his first atomic bomb, US nuclear arsenal He had already reached the 250 atomic bombs and the Pentagon concluded that a victory over the Soviet Union was already "possible". Unfortunately for their interests, the detonation of the first nuclear bomb by the Soviet Union dealt a blow to those militaristic US plans.
"The test of the Soviet atomic bomb on August 29, 1949, deeply shook the Americans, who believed that its atomic monopoly could last much longer. However he did not either alter immediately the planning model of war. The key issue to consider what level of damage was force a Soviet surrender "says Professor Donald Angus MacKenzie, University of Edinburgh, in his essay" Nuclear War Planning and Strategies Nuclear coercion "
Although Washington's war planners knew that the Soviet Union would take years to get a significant nuclear arsenal, the key point was that the Soviet bomb could not be ignored.
The Scottish researcher points out that the US It focused primarily not on the "deterrence" but on the "offensive" preventive attack.
"There was unanimity in insider circles that the United States should plan how to win a nuclear war. The inherent logic of this strategy would imply that it was inevitable first attack, "he said, adding that" First Attack plans were even represented in the official US nuclear policy ".
Note that the official doctrine, first announced by the then Secretary of State John Foster Dulles in 1954, assuming a possible US nuclear retaliation "any" type of aggression of the USSR.
THE UNIQUE INTEGRATED OPERATIONAL PLAN USA (SIOP)
Finally, in 1960 nuclear war plans of the United States' were formalized in the Single Integrated Operational Plan (SIOP).
At first, the SIOP provided for a simultaneous massive nuclear attack on the Soviet nuclear forces, its military objectives, cities, and against China and Eastern Europe.
It was expected that US strategic forces "would use almost 3,500 warheads to bomb their targets. According to estimates of US generals, the attack could have killed around between 285-425000000 people. Some European allies of the USSR were meant to be completely "wiped out".
"We will completely wipe out countries like Albania," said US General Thomas Power during a planning conference SIOP in 1960, cited by MacKenzie.
However, the Kennedy administration introduced significant changes to the plan, insisting that the US military must prevent an attack on Soviet cities and should focus solely on nuclear forces destroy rival. In 1962 the SIOP was modified but still recognized that the nuclear attack could lead to death millions of peaceful civilians.
That dangerous competition instigated by the US prompted the Soviet Russia to strengthen its nuclear capabilities and dragged both countries the vicious cycle of the nuclear arms race.
Unfortunately, it seems that the lessons of the past have not been learned by the West and the issue of "nuclearization" of Europe is raised again.
As we can see, this article Sputnik has a clear pro-Russian (and pro-Soviet) bias, portraying the US as monsters and the Soviet Union as a peaceful country harassed.
Things are obviously not so simple, yet very clear what was the role of the US and Britain in recent decades and what their plans were to continue the global war after the defeat of Germany.
It also serves to rethink the romantic image have offered about some historical figures such as Winston Churchill, the main cause of fascism in Spain reigned for 40 years (hence the blind admiration of Franco's political heir J Maria Aznar).
Churchill was undoubtedly one of the most sinister of the twentieth century, as evidenced by this article, had very advanced plans to kill hundreds of millions of innocent people for ideological reasons.
The only thing that prevented this monster get were technical impossibilities.
We know that the winners are those who write history and those who make heroes of criminals ...
Keywords: bomb, strike, arms race, nuclear, US B-29, Cold War, Second World War, Pentagon, Warsaw Pact, NATO, Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, Nagasaki, Hiroshima, Japan, Germany, Europe, Eastern Europe, Russia, Great Britain, United States